40 million people are killed each year by non-communicable diseases (NCDs). These account for 70% of deaths worldwide. NCDs are chronic conditions that cannot be transferred from person to person. Instead, they result largely from individuals’ health behaviours influenced by the environment we live in (also called ).
The World Health Organization (WHO) has designated the following as the four major NCDs:
Most chronic diseases slowly progress over a long time but they are not inevitable. This long progression means that there are ample opportunities to intervene in people’s lives before NCDs develop, or to reduce NCDs burden in individuals already suffering from this diseases.
These conditions are responsible for an alarming portion of disease across the globe, and are the cause of most premature deaths. They are an enormous emotional and financial burden on individuals, families, communities and health systems.
Annually, 17 million people die before the age of 70 from NCDs, often leaving behind families who relied on them for financial support.
The WHO reports that of those 17 million people, 87% live in low- and middle-income countries. Additionally, people dying from NCDs in low- and middle-income countries account for almost 75% of NCD deaths worldwide.
For more information about NCDs, we recommend visiting these webpages: